The iterative process of scientific research – from the collection of observations, review of prior research, analysis of data, modeling of various scenarios, and communication of findings – is important to convey in order to demystify the process of science and provide a context for how the research is relevant in our everyday lives. Because so few people know an active scientist (let alone a climate scientist), and many researchers do not communicate their research to non-technical audiences, it is important to help learners understand some of the basics of the work of climate scientists. These concepts are not unique to climate science; all areas of scientific research share common themes such as:
- How data is collected through a wide range of tools and techniques.
- How data is rigorously checked for quality and accuracy, and what scientists mean by "uncertainty" in the data they collect.
- How models are developed and fine-tuned, with outputs from various models to increase the accuracy of the models.
- Why "peer review" publications are such an important part of the scientific research process, even though these articles are usually very technical and often hard to understand by a non-expert.